See P. XX
a column about roleplaying
by Robin D. Laws
As the field of roleplaying expands its audience, and new platforms appear to provide an ever wider array of ways to get material into the hands of gamers, more folks than ever have jumped in to try their hand at writing. Whether you’re working, as an emerging RPG writer, on supplements, adventures, or games, you can increase the appeal of your work by adopting key techniques to sharpen your prose style.
Most writers, myself included, prefer to focus on style nitty-gritty when revising. Worry about it too much during the first draft and you’ll bog down, losing both your thread of meaning and your will to go on. After a while you’ll absorb techniques like the ones given here and instinctively adopt them into your initial writing phase. When you do revise, you’ll then be working from a stronger starting point.
Many of the tips below elevate any piece of writing, but let’s look at them from an RPG perspective.
Before the tips, a caveat: with rules text in particular, you want clear and stylish prose. When those two values conflict, technical precision outweighs style concerns. You may for example need to repeat the same word multiple times in close succession, which you wouldn’t do even in other, more story-oriented sections of the same game book.
1. Replace Inactive Verbs
Almost every emerging writer over-relies on a few frequently used, dead verbs: is, are, be, have. When you can, reconfigure your sentences to favor more specific, dynamic alternatives. Altering sentences to weed out inactive verbs forces you to tune up a sentences in other ways, finding greater specificity or concision.
Mercutio is a hot-blooded young man, driven by a churning intellect and a presentiment of his own doom.
Mercutio’s hot blood, churning intellect and a presentiment of doom drive him to flights of poetic fancy.
The first describes him in a static state. The second puts him in action. Nipping out the “is” led us to show the GM more directly what Mercutio might do in a scenario.
The renderers are figures of terror throughout the neighborhood.
The renderers spread terror throughout the neighborhood.
Again, this moves us from situation to action.
The agents must be careful to keep up the pretense, or be attacked by the mutons.
The agents must keep up the pretense, or face a muton attack.
This distills the action into a simpler, shorter, punchier sentence.
Don’t expect to altogether avoid inactive verbs. You’ll find yourself testing and rejecting alternates because they confuse your sequence of thoughts, or require many more words than the original, inactive version.
2. Strike Instances of “Will”
RPG writing frequently puts us in the unusual position of describing a hypothetical future action:
The octopus will pick up the phone.
The monster will run at the PCs.
Amy will withhold that information until she’s sure the group can be trusted.
Dropping the “will” excises an unnecessary word, tightens the sentence, and allows the reader to envision the described action:
The octopus picks up the phone.
The monster runs at the PCs.
Amy withholds that information until she’s sure the group can be trusted.
I’ve been writing RPG books for a long time now, and still during my revision pass spot instances of the dreaded “will” begging to be cut.
3. Shorten Your Sentences
In RPG writing we can get caught up in a tumble of creative thought. As we get those thoughts up on the screen, we tumble from one idea to the next. That leads to overlong sentences that try to express too much. Almost any submission draft from a starting writer arrives full of sentences whose commas beg to be turned into periods. Get chopping!
Under the neon bridge the garoons thrash and cry, haunted by memories of their past lives, seldom heeding the worries of Old Chan, who gazes at them with a worried expression and silently rolls and lights another cigarette, because that’s what he’s been reduced to now.
Under the neon bridge the garoons thrash and cry. Memories of their past lives haunt them. Seldom do they heed the worries of Old Chan. He gazes at them and silently rolls and lights another cigarette. Fate has reduced him to this, he thinks.
Periods give the reader time to stop and take in each idea before moving on to the next. Resist the impulse to slap rope together with a kit-bag of conjunctions. The appearance of “and” near the end of a lengthy sentence often marks a trouble spot in your sentence. Look carefully at the final clauses of your sentences. Many times you can cut them entirely. In other cases you’ll see that they bear little relation to the rest of your thought and should break free to become their own sentences.
4. Remove Passive Construction
This standard piece of style advice still bears repeating. Except when used for (usually ironic) effect, cut out sentences that bury their subjects by shunting them to the end of the sentence, or omitting them entirely.
Dogs all around the neighborhood were terrified by ravager activity.
The ravagers terrified neighborhood dogs.
5. Strip Out Introductory Flab
When revising text, take an extra hard squint at passages introducing new subjects. You may see that you eased your way into the topic with a series of broad introductory statements. If you did, you were probably getting your mental gears going as you found your way to what you really wanted to say. See how many initial sentences you can pare away without cutting into the true meat of your piece.
Ever since the dawn of time humankind has feared the dark. Throughout the ages people have whispered of strange doings in the woods. Combining the dark and the woods together creates unique and special fears. The shadowy beings known as woodhaunts stalk the forests of southeastern Poland.
The shadowy beings known as woodhaunts stalk the forests of southeastern Poland.